Understand the Different Types of Juicers and How They Work

juicer types

For you who decided to go with your daily juice routines, then having a proper type of juicer would be the best thing to have in your kitchen.

With so many different kind types of juicers available in the market, it may be confusing to choose the right one for your needs. In fact, not all juicers are created equal, but how do you choose the best one for your routine?

In this article, we’ll tackle five of the most popular variation of juicers, how they differ from one to another, and how to make good use of them. We’ll also provide answers to some of the most common juicing questions that you might have.

So without further ado, let’s get right to the good stuff.

5 Common Juicer Types in the Market

Below are five of the various juicers that common in the market. Essentially, they all extract juice by applying pressure while simultaneously separating the pulp.

The variation in their designs is what makes some juicers are more suitable for certain types of produce than others.

1. Manual Press Juicers

manual press juicers
Manual Press Juicer

A manual press juicer, as the name suggests, is a juicer that uses mechanical force generated by the user to extract juice from produce. They typically make use of a lever system to maximize the force applied by the user.

The tabletop models work by pressing down on produce to squeeze out the juice, which flows through a mesh filter down a chute where it can be collected. Meanwhile, the hand-held designs, on the other hand, are much smaller and have a slightly different design, but the principle remains the same.

Citrus juicers are the most common type of manual press juicer. These are typically designed to be used exclusively with citrus fruits like oranges and lemons. They work exceedingly well for them, though, and are able to yield nutrient-rich and producing minimal heat and oxidation.

However, they aren’t the best choice if you plan on juicing other things like vegetables and leafy greens. And if you have a large quantity of produce to juice, you might end up straining yourself.

Pros
  • Inexpensive and easy to find.
  • Some models are portable.
  • Virtually no heat and oxidation, resulting in nutritious juice.
  • Quiet to operate.
Cons
  • Very limited in terms of the types of produce it can extract juice from.
  • Can be slow and tiring if juicing large quantities.
  • Spillage can be common, resulting in less yield.

2. Centrifugal Juicers

centrifugal juicers
Centrifugal Juicer

Centrifugal juicers are another common juicers you can find in the market. These juicers are powered by electricity and make quick work of most types of produce.

Fruits and vegetables are taken in via a feed tube and are shredded into small pieces by a spinning blade. The cut up produce then enters a chamber where centrifugal force separates the juice from the pulp.

The pulp is caught by a mesh and is ejected into a catch area, while the juice flows down a chute where it can be collected. Some models have a small pulp catch area, though, and will require you to clean it out before you can use it again.

Using a centrifugal juicer is fast and easy. They typically have fewer parts than other juicer types, allowing for quick assembly and storage. Also, if your model has a large enough feed chute, you won’t even have to pre-cut your produce before you start juicing.

However, due to the way centrifugal juicers work, they can be very noisy and also introduce plenty of air that oxidizes the juice.

The heat generated by the fast-spinning blades also breaks down certain enzymes and nutrients, resulting in lower-quality juice that must be consumed immediately. If you’re using the juice for cooking or baking, however, where it will eventually be heated anyway, then this shouldn’t be much of a concern.

Pros
  • A lot easier to use than most other types.
  • Works faster than any other juicer.
  • Great for hard vegetables like carrots and celery.
Cons
  • Introduces a lot of air to your juice, quickly oxidizing and foaming it.
  • Exposes produce to high amounts heat, sapping some nutrients.
  • Can be very noisy.

3. Masticating Juicers (Cold Press Juicers)

masticating juicer
Masticating Juicer

Cold press juicers go by a variety of different names. Aside from masticating juicers, they’re sometimes referred to as slow juicers or single auger juicers. These juicers rely on a rotating auger to crush produce and squeeze out its juice.

They come in two main varieties: vertical and horizontal masticating juicers. Vertically-configured models have smaller footprints, but are prone to clogging due to the placement of the pulp ejector. To circumvent this problem, you’ll need to cut up your produce into small pieces beforehand.

Horizontal-configured juicers are larger, but aren’t as likely to clog up thanks to their design. They’re great for fibrous vegetables and leafy greens.

The reason they’re called cold press juicers is that they don’t generate as much heat as centrifugal juicers. This is due to the lower RPMs (around 80-120 RPM, as opposed to over 3,000 RPM) at which these juicers operate. The result is juice that isn’t exposed to as much heat and air, making it more nutritious and last longer.

Pros
  • Produces high-quality juice that lasts longer, and is flavorful and nutrient-rich.
  • Some models can function as grain mills and make baby food.
  • Easy and very quiet to operate.
  • Generally the most versatile in terms of what kind of produce it can process.
Cons
  • More expensive than regular juicers.
  • Takes a longer time to extract juice than centrifugal juicers.
  • Typically have narrow feed tubes, requiring plenty of pre-cutting.

4. Triturating Juicers (a.k.a Twin Gear Juicer)

triturating juicers
Triturating juicer

Also known as twin gear juicers or double auger juicers, triturating juicers work similarly to how masticating juicers function. But instead of having one auger, these juicers have two augers which interlock together. The double augers also rotate at a very slow speed – even slower than masticating juicers – causing very little heat buildup and oxidation.

Additionally, these juicers also have a knob that lets you adjust the back pressure as necessary. This added feature gives you more control as you use different kinds of produce with varying firmness – making it more efficient at extracting a lot of juice.

If you’re big fan of juicing leafy greens, triturating juicers are your best bet. However, these machines are more expensive than their single gear counterparts. They also have a very large footprint that makes them not so ideal for tight spaces. Cleanup and assembly can also be a chore due to its many parts.

Pros
  • Produces a lot of juice due to the twin gear design.
  • Could extract juice from leafy greens
  • Preserves as much of the nutrients as possible.
  • Minimizes oxidation to produce longer lasting juice.
Cons
  • Quite expensive compared to the other types.
  • You’ll need to exert a bit more effort feeding produce into a twin gear juicer.
  • Large and can be difficult to clean.

5. Hydraulic Press Juicers

hydraulic juicer
Hydraulic juicer

Hydraulic press juicers are the heavyweights of the bunch. These juicers are able to extract the most amount of juice out of all the ones we’ve discussed.

These juicers work by applying high amounts of pressure (around 6,000 psi) to literally squeeze out all the juice from fruits and veggies. This process produces very little heat, foam, and oxidation – giving you the highest-quality juice possible.

To use a hydraulic press juicer, you’ll first need to shred whatever it is you’re juicing then place it in a linen cloth or bag. This acts as the mesh that keeps the dry pulp separate from the juice. It’s an added step that can make juicing large quantities of produce quite time-consuming.

Also take note that some models come with a built-in shredder. If yours doesn’t, you’ll need to purchase one yourself.

Apart from that, hydraulic press juicers are also very expensive – easily setting you back thousands of dollars. Constant use will also require you to spend more money in the long-term as you replace the necessary linen bags. They’re also quite large and take up a lot of space, which makes them impractical for small kitchens. Finally, their design typically makes them a challenge to clean as well.

Pros
  • High yield and juice quality.
  • Almost zero oxidation, allowing juice to stay fresh longer.
  • Juicing process creates little noise.
Cons
  • Expensive upfront and running costs.
  • Relatively complicated to operate.
  • Large and difficult to clean.

Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Juicers

Now that you have a better understanding of how the different types of juicers work, let’s move on to the next section. Here, we’ll be providing you with answers to common questions regarding juicers and juicing in general.

Slow vs Fast Juicers – Is a slow juicer better than a fast juicer?

In overall slow juicers produce better juice quality than fast juicers, but both slow and fast juicers have their own merits, and it’s just a matter of which one more appropriately suits your needs. Let’s break it down below:

Speed

Obviously, fast juicers will extract juice quicker than slow juicers can. Not only that, fast juicers generally don’t require as much pre-cutting beforehand as their spinning blades will do most of the work for you. They also have fewer parts meaning quicker assembly and cleanup.

Juice Quantity

In terms of the amount of juice extracted, slow juicers are overall the better option. However, the difference between the two types heavily depends on the kind of produce being juiced. Berries and leafy greens, for example, will yield much more juice when processed with a slow juicer. While citrus fruits will generally yield the same amount of juice between the two types.

Juice Quality

Juice quality can be determined by how nutrient-rich it is and how long it can stay fresh after being extracted. Some claim that slow juicers are the clear winners here. They’re only partially right, though. Some nutrients like vitamin C do in fact degrade when exposed to heat, while others remain unaffected or are even enhanced by it.

In terms of freshness, fast juicers always lead to more oxidation. But if you were to consume the juice immediately after extracting it, then the difference is hardly a consideration.

It’s also important to consider other important factors like noise levels, space limitations, and your budget when choosing which juicer is better for you.

What does cold pressed juice mean?

Cold pressed juice is any juice that’s been extracted without being exposed to high amounts of heat and air. In other words, it’s the juice that you get from slow juicers like masticating juicers, triturating juicers, and hydraulic press juicers.

Since these cold pressed juicers operate at much slower speeds than fast juicers – therefore producing very little heat – the juice essentially stays as close to raw as possible. This preserves more nutrients and soluble fibers, making it the healthier alternative.

Another effect is that not as much air is introduced to the juice. This is a great thing as it slows down the oxidation process. Oxidation is what causes nutrients to degrade and food to spoil. In other words, cold pressed juice will stay fresh longer.

Some people also claim that cold pressed juice tastes better, too. Although, this might be more difficult to substantiate as taste can be very subjective and vary from person to person.

What is the difference between a masticating juicer and a centrifugal juicer?

The main difference between masticating juicers and centrifugal juicers is the speed at which they process fruits and vegetables.

A centrifugal juicer makes use of rotating blades and a mesh screen to quickly pulverize food and separate its juice from its flesh. It’s the fast spinning motion (upwards of 3,000 RPM) that creates sufficient force to push out juice from the pulp.

On the other hand, a masticating juicer rotates much more slowly (between 80 and 100 RPM) to perform the same task. With the use of a spinning auger, this juicer effectively chews and shreds produce while squeezing out the juice. A perforated screen is what keeps the pulp separate.

The difference in speeds has a significant effect on the quality of the final product. The high speeds present in centrifugal juicers means a lot of heat and air makes contact with the juice. This causes certain nutrients to degrade and also shortens shelf life. The slower speeds that can be found in masticating juicers minimizes these problems – resulting in a juice that stays fresh longer and is more nutrient-dense.

There are some other differences as well. Masticating juicers are more expensive, costing double or even triple the price of a centrifugal juicer. Masticating juicers are also much quieter to operate.

Summary

There you have it – the various juicer types and how they differ from one another. Hopefully, we’ve cleared things up for you and you can now make a more informed decision when choosing which  juicer is best.

  • There is no clear, best juicer in the market. Each one has useful applications. However, a cold press juicer should suffice for most of your needs.
  • Other considerations like budget and space requirements also come into play when selecting the right juicer for you.
  • Some nutrients degrade when exposed to heat, while others are unaffected or even enhanced by it.
  • Cold pressed juice is overall superior to juice extracted through other means.
Andrew is a blending and juicing enthusiast for over 6 years. Recently he manages BlenderVersus.com to provide a well-researched, unbiased and accurate alternative resource platform for all aspects to do with blending and juicing.
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